Nepal is a developing country with around 30 million population spread in an area of 147,181 sq. km. Placed in between two giant nations like India and China, Nepal is a landlocked country with not so strong national economy like its neighboring nations. Nevertheless, the country is very rich in terms of natural glory and natural resources.
It is a beautiful Himalayan country that holds the pride of having the world’s highest mountain – Mt. Everest. You will be amused with the fact that eight out of ten highest mountains of the world lies in Nepal. Besides, there are many mountains that rise over the height of seven and eight thousands in Nepal. No wonder, Nepal is a top destination for anyone interested in trekking, peak climbing, mountaineering and expedition.
Nepal owns a diverse topography and geographical condition. From High Mountain in the mountainous region to high hills and valleys in the hilly region, the country extends to the flat plains and dense jungles in Terai. The altitudinal variation gives rise to change in climate and weather conditions. This variety in ecological and climatic condition has made Nepal a home to various species of birds, animals, floras, faunas and butterflies. The floras and faunas found in different weather and climatic conditions are spread over the different topography of Nepal.
Nepal is very rich in water resource. The water that flows down from Himalayas to plains of Terai has made Nepal the second richest country around the world for fresh river water. Owning to its diverse topography and richness in water resources, forests, hills and valleys, Nepal is a beautiful travel destination that connects you with the different forms of Mother Nature. From trekking, tours, hiking, mountaineering, peak climbing to different adventure activities like rafting, bungee jumping, paragliding, zip flyer, etc., Nepal has a lot of potentials.
Apart from these natural aspects, Nepal is a country enriched with interesting history and rich culture. Nepal is considered as a beautiful garden of 4 castes and thirty six sub castes. 4 castes and thirty six sub castes herein refer to the division of people in terms of their castes and culture. Each group of people has their own unique culture, tradition, language, festivals and traditional attire. Though diverse, they live peacefully in harmony.
Taking about the art, culture and history of Nepal, Nepal has many remains of the history that are a fine piece of art and architecture. The palaces, temples and monuments around the Kathmandu valley reflect the fine taste of ancient kings in art and culture. Wherever you go, you are sure to find a temple, stupa, palace, monasteries and many other historical monuments.
Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha is in Nepal. The fact makes Nepal an auspicious land for people who follow Buddhism. Pashupatinath temple, the temple of Lord Shiva holds a high value amongst Hindu pilgrims. Likewise, Swayambhunath stupa, Boudhanath stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan temple etc. The historical and religious value of these places has been acknowledged by UNESCO and has been listed in the charts of world heritage sites.
Some interesting facts about Nepal
- Country – Nepal
- Capital – Kathmandu
- Area – 147,181 sq. km.
- Population – 30 million
- Government – Federal Parliamentary Republic
- Official Language – Nepali
- National flower – Rhododendron
- National animal – Cow
- National birds – Lophophorous (Pheasant)
- Currency – Nepalese rupees (1NRs – 100 paisa)
- Notes found in denomination of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. Coins of NRs. 1 and NRs. 2 available.
- Parliament – Federal Parliamentary Republic
- Calling code – +977
- Time Zone – UTC+ 5:45
- Driving side – left
- Internet TLD – np
- Popular for – World highest mountain – Mt. Everest / Birthplace of Lord Buddha / Pokhara / adventure activities/ deepest gorge of the world – Kaligandaki gorge/ highest lake in the world – Tilicho lake
- Some popular trekking destinations – Everest region, Annapurna region, Langtang region, Mustang region, Dolpo region and other off beaten regions
- Available adventure activities – White water rafting, para gliding, bungee jumping, ultra-light flight, zip flyer, jungle safari, rock climbing,